UK Finance report – „For the first time, the amount of money stolen through authorised push payment fraud overtook card fraud losses.”

23 septembrie 2021

UK Finance today releases its latest fraud report covering the first half of 2021. This report shows the scale of fraud taking place as well as demonstrating how criminals have shifted their focus to exploit weaknesses outside the banking system.

Changing nature of fraud

In previous years the largest fraud losses have been unauthorised frauds mainly committed using payment cards.


This year, however, criminals focused their activity on what is termed authorised push payment (APP) fraud. In APP fraud a customer is tricked into authorising a payment to an account controlled by a criminal. In these scams the criminal’s activity takes place outside the banking system.

Using tactics such as scam phone calls, text messages and emails, as well as fake websites and social media posts, criminals seek to trick people into handing over personal details and passwords. This information is then used to target victims and convince them to authorise payments.

As a result, we saw a 71 per cent increase in APP fraud during the first half of 2021 and, for the first time, the amount of money stolen through APP fraud overtook card fraud losses.

We also saw changes in how criminals moved stolen money. They targeted people as young as 14 via social media platforms to become money mules, where their bank account is used to launder stolen money. Intelligence shows a notable increase in the use of cryptocurrency wallets being used to take stolen money outside of the banking system quickly.

Fraud is now at a level where it poses a national security threat – as such, the banking and finance industry is calling for government-coordinated action across all sectors to tackle the issue, including ensuring that all economic crime is brought within the scope of the Online Safety Bill.

Half year 2021 fraud total losses

In total £753.9 million was stolen through fraud, an increase of 30 per cent compared to the same period last year. An overview of the loss figures is included here, with more detailed information in the tables below.

Unauthorised fraud losses were £398.6 million, an increase of 7 per cent. The banking and finance industry prevented a further £736 million of attempted unauthorised fraud which means that £6.49 in every £10 of attempted unauthorised fraud was blocked.

Authorised push payment (APP) fraud losses were £355.3 million, an increase of 71 per cent, including:

. Impersonation scams: as previously announced, losses were £129.3 million (up 123 per cent) as criminals posed as delivery companies, the NHS and government departments by sending out scam texts and emails.

. Investment scams: losses were £107.7 million (up 95%) as people were often enticed by adverts on social media offering high returns on investments.

. Romance scams: losses were £15.1 million (up 62%), linked to the rise in online dating during the pandemic.

. Purchase scams: with online retail growing, purchase scams were the most common form of authorised push payment (APP) fraud, accounting for almost half of all APP cases.

Katy Worobec, Managing Director of Economic Crime at UK Finance, said: „Our latest figures show the sheer scale of fraud taking place in the UK and highlight clearly the need for coordinated action to address this threat. The banking and finance industry invests billions in advanced systems to try and stop fraud happening in the first place, but criminals are exploiting weaknesses outside of banks’ control to trick customers into making payments directly to them.

Criminals continue to target customers with a variety of scams, often via online platforms, and it is only through coordinated action that we will be able to really make progress in addressing the problem.”

Detailed fraud figures

Source: UK Finance

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Mihai Draghici – CEO PayByFace

„Dupa ce oamenii creeaza un cont PayByFace si au adaugat cardul, selfi-ul si PIN-ul, si au avut un pic de curaj sa se duca sa incerce, daca au incercat o data plata prin recunoastere faciala nu mai folosesc altceva (n.r. ca modalitate de plata). 80% dintre ei numai asta folosesc. Le place la nebunie.” 

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Sondaj

In 23 septembrie 2019, BNR a anuntat infiintarea unui Fintech Innovation Hub pentru a sustine inovatia in domeniul serviciilor financiare si de plata. In acest sens, care credeti ca ar trebui sa fie urmatorul pas al bancii centrale?