A new open banking system which is set to cut transaction fees by 90% has now entered pilot testing, Korea’s Financial Services Commission (FSC) has announced.
The open banking system was pilot-launched in the banking sector on October 30. “During the pilot-run period, the government will conduct a comprehensive assessment of the system and make adjustments if necessary before opening the system to fintech firms on December 18,” the FSC explains.
“At first, open banking will be offered by 10 banks, and [will then be] gradually expanded to the other eight banks, as well as fintech businesses.”
The government recognized that financial payment services and data sectors have a significant potential for innovation, and announced on February 25 this year its plan to establish an open banking system, which would allow fintech firms’access to banks’payment network through open API initiatives.
KEY FEATURES – Lower transaction fees and enhanced user convenience
►The current fee of KRW400 to 500 per transaction will be lowered to about KRW40 to 50 for large service providers, and KRW20 to 30 for small-and medium-sized firms.
►Bank customers can choose any mobile banking application to manage all their accounts in a single application without having to use separate applications for different banks.Ensuring security and protection for consumers
►Fintech firms attempting to participate in the open banking system are subject to a security check by the Financial Security Institute.
►The storage capacity of the current operating system will be upgraded from 4TB to 60TB before the system becomes open to fintech firms,and a 24-hour Fraud Detective System will closely monitor fraudulent activities and automatically shut down suspicious transactions.
The government expects that open banking will boost innovation andcompetitiveness in the financial sectors by introducing a comprehensive financial service platform, allowing fintech businesses to adopt open banking, and improving user experience for consumers. The lowered entry barrier for fintech firms will lead to the provision and development of better services tailored to the needs of consumers at lower costs. Banks will be able to diversity and widen their customer base, and grow as comprehensive financial service platforms. For consumers, increased ability to choose between different financial services and enhanced control over personal information will lead to improved user experience.
The government will ensure that open banking is operating in a stable and secure manner, and introduce new types of payment services, such as “My Payment”in order to encourage participation by more fintech businesses.In 2020, the government will review an expansion of the open banking system to non-bank financial institutions, including mutual finance, savings banks and postal service.The government also plans to diversify API functions and will review a possible expansion to data sectors through an increased connectivity with “My Data”service.
„Though Libra has met with fierce resistance from central banks and supervisory authorities and might never see the light of day, in many other cases tech firms (both start-ups and established big players) have successfully captured bits and pieces of universal banks’ traditional value chain. This trend may only intensify in the coming years. In this environment, European banks remain squeezed.”