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JOINT STATEMENT: Understanding Credit Scoring – Techniques and Distinction from Artificial Intelligence

9 februarie 2024

The European Baking Federation (EBF), together with the Association of Consumer Credit Information Suppliers (ACCIS), the European Association of Co-operative Banks (EACB), the European Fintech Association (EFA), the European Savings Bank Group (ESBG), the European Federation of Finance House Associations (Eurofinas), and the European Federation of Leasing Company Associations (Leaseurope) have published a joint industry statement regarding the definition of artificial intelligence in the Artificial Intelligence Act.

With this statement the co-signatories aim to draw the co-legislators’ attention to the need to safeguard ongoing credit scoring operations from potential disruptions caused by pending technical details around the agreed definition of “artificial intelligence systems”, following the political agreement on the AI Act last December and in view of the finalization of the technical level work on the text.

Therefore, the associations co-signing this statement emphasize the necessity for amending the relevant recital on AI systems, to ensure legal clarity and distinguish between AI and traditional techniques when the latter are used in isolation.

Traditional credit scoring techniques stand apart from artificial intelligence

It is important to understand that creditworthiness assessments rely on credit scores, predominantly crafted using traditional and straightforward statistical techniques, including logistic regression, and decision trees, among others. These statistical techniques, utilised and effectively supervised for decades in credit scoring, are rule-based, using predefined algorithms. They lack the dynamic learning capabilities associated with true artificial intelligence and are designed to be transparent and explainable.

Traditional credit scoring techniques stand apart from artificial intelligence for distinct reasons:

  1. Rule-Based Processing: Traditional techniques follow predetermined rules and algorithms without continuous learning or adaptation, unlike AI’s evolving performance.
  2. Limited Autonomy: Traditional techniques lack the autonomy and self-modification seen in AI; they operate within predefined parameters set by human programmers.
  3. Transparency: Traditional techniques are generally transparent and explainable, allowing clear understanding and auditability, in contrast to the often criticized black-box nature of AI models,
    especially deep learning ones.

It is crucial not to label these traditional techniques as artificial intelligence when used in isolation (1). Recognising this distinction is vital for ensuring a healthy, sustainable and vibrant financial services sector that benefits consumers while offering them a high level of protection of their fundamental rights.

See here the join statement on the AI definition including the industry recommendation


(1) The European Central Bank has stated that creditworthiness assessments models which leverage on the standalone use of traditional, relatively simple statistical techniques such as linear or logistic regression or decision trees under human supervision are not risky. The European Banking Authority’s report on machine learning for internal ratings-based (IRB) models expresses a similar viewpoint.

The European Banking Federation is the voice of the European banking sector, bringing together national banking associations from across Europe.

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Anders Olofsson – former Head of Payments Finastra

Banking 4.0 – „how was the experience for you”

So many people are coming here to Bucharest, people that I see and interact on linkedin and now I get the change to meet them in person. It was like being to the Football World Cup but this was the World Cup on linkedin in payments and open banking.”

Many more interesting quotes in the video below:


In 23 septembrie 2019, BNR a anuntat infiintarea unui Fintech Innovation Hub pentru a sustine inovatia in domeniul serviciilor financiare si de plata. In acest sens, care credeti ca ar trebui sa fie urmatorul pas al bancii centrale?